A cataract is a condition where the lens of your eye starts clouding which gradually leads to a decrease in vision. This usually develops slowly and can affect either one or both of your eyes.
What Are The Symptoms?
The symptoms of a cataract eye are faded colours, blurry or double vision, trouble with witnessing bright light, visible halos around light and also having difficulty seeing at night.
Some of the main reason for the cause of cataract is known to be caused by ageing, trauma and radiation exposure. The possible treatment for this condition is the use of glasses and cataract surgery.
You may want to so consult an eye doctor or an ophthalmologist if you face any of these symptoms.
What is a Cataract Surgery?
Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the clouded lens of your eye and replace it with an intraocular lens. Naturally, the lens of your eye is clear and clean. The cataract causes these clear lens to become cloudy, which eventually affects your vision. This is extremely common among elderly people, where ageing becomes one of the common symptoms of a cataract.
The surgery is conducted on an outpatient basis mainly because the patient is not required to stay for longer in the hospital after the surgery. They can leave immediately after the procedure and continue with their regular activities.
When Do We Need A Cataract Surgery?
Although cataract is highly common among elderly people, it is also equally common among people below the age level threshold, including babies. This condition among the young can affect their daily activities and to avoid further trouble it is best advised to visit your eye doctor, where the doctor may suggest you go ahead with cataract surgery.
Preparing For The Surgery:
Once you’ve decided to carry on with this surgery, there are some steps you need to follow. Your eye doctor will help you undergo a few tests a week prior to your surgery including a painless ultrasound test to measure the sound and the shape of your eye. The doctor will also ask you to refrain from taking any other medication prior to your surgery to avoid complications.
How A Cataract Surgery Is Performed:
Cataract surgery usually only takes just 20 minutes to perform. Before beginning the surgery, you will receive local anaesthetics to numb the particular area and sedatives shall be provided for you to stay calm and relaxed. But, using sedatives will be unnecessary as this surgery is painless and causes minimal discomfort to the patients.
During the surgery, the clouded and the impaired lens are removed and usually, a clearer intraocular lens is implanted. But, in some cases, the cataract will be removed without any implantation of an artificial lens.
Cataract surgery can also be conducted traditionally using ultrasound energy to remove the cloudy lens. And some others involve surgical methods that can be used to remove the cataract involve using advanced laser technique where the surgeon uses a laser to conduct all the incisions hence making the cataract softer for removal.
How Effective is A Cataract Surgery?
Cataract surgery is one of the most common operations. It is also considered as the safest and extremely effective types of surgery. The success rate of the patients who underwent cataract surgery is 95%.
If you want to learn about cataract surgery and how it works, feel free to visit our clinic today.